Advanced Redox Technology Lab

Journal papers

Bicarbonate-enhanced generation of hydroxyl radical by visible light-induced photocatalysis of H2O2 over WO3: Alteration of electron transfer mechanism
J. Choi, H. -H. Kim, K. -M. Lee, N. Chen, M. S. Kim, J. Seo, D. Lee, H. Cho, H. -I. Kim, J. Lee, H. Lee*, C. Lee*
Chem. Eng. J.
Issue / Vol

The generation of hydroxyl radical (•OH) by visible light-illuminated tungsten oxide (WO3) was found to be significantly improved in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) and bicarbonate ion (HCO3). A ternary system of hν/WO3/H2O2/HCO3 showed synergistic enhancement in oxidation of benzoic acid (BA, a •OH probe compound) into hydroxybenzoic acids (HBAs), exhibiting even less consumption of H2O2 than hν/WO3/H2O2. Analyses of HBAs from BA oxidation (three HBA isomers and 18O-labelled HBA from H218O2) suggested that hν/WO3/H2O2/HCO3, contrary to hν/WO3/H2O2, generated •OH mainly via one-electron transfer from the conduction band of WO3 to H2O2. The dominant one-electron reduction of H2O2 over HCO3-treated WO3 was further evidenced by Koutecký–Levich plots obtained with a rotating disk electrode setup. Based on different experiments using electron paramagnetic resonance spectroscopy, radical scavengers and probes, (photo-)electrochemical measurements, and density functional theory calculations, the mechanisms underlying the enhanced generation of •OH by hν/WO3/H2O2/HCO3 were discussed.